Financial advisors who become registered with a Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”) member firm should be knowledgeable about , as it addresses a broad spectrum of historical events that are required to be reported to FINRA. FINRA has offered some interpretative guidance, some of which is explained below, as it relates to Form U4 actions.
Question 14 of FINRA Form U4 concerns criminal disclosures, regulatory action disclosures, civil judicial disclosures, customer complaints, arbitrations, and civil litigation. To begin with, and perhaps to no surprise, an individual who has been charged or convicted of a felony is required to disclosure that information on Question 14A. Even, an individual who has even been pardoned for a crime must report the conviction, according to FINRA’s interpretive guidance.
Financial advisors should take note that misdemeanors are also required to be reported on Form U4 in certain cases. For example, an individual who has been charged or convicted of a misdemeanor involving investments, fraudulent conduct, or wrongful taking of property would be required to disclose those incident(s).
Question 14C prompts individuals to state whether they have been found to have committed certain types of misconduct by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) and Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) including: making false statements or omissions; committing a violation of investment-related statues or regulations; and causing a business to have its authorization to do business revoked or suspended.
individuals are additionally required to report on Question 14C whether they have been found by the SEC or the CFTC to have willfully violated Securities Act of 1933, Securities Exchange Act of 1934, Investment Company Act of 1940, Investment Advisers Act of 1940, Commodity Exchange Act, or Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board (MSRB) rules. Disclosure is also mandated when the individual has been found to have aided and abetted a person’s violative activities, or failed to supervise another person responsible for committing violations in the securities industry.
Similarly, Question 14(E) requires that individuals report if they have been found by a self-regulatory organization to have made false statements or omissions, violated SEC rules; or caused an investment-related business to lose authorizations to conduct securities business. Any suspensions or expulsions from those self-regulatory organizations are required to be reported. Plus, disclosure is necessitated when there have been any findings of federal securities law violations committed by the individual, or someone who the individual supervised or aided.
FINRA confirms in Question 14G that individuals are required to disclose to FINRA when they are notified that they have become subject of a regulatory complaint or proceeding brought on by the SEC, CFTC, other federal agencies, state securities commissioners and self-regulatory organizations. Investigations, according to FINRA, are signaled by the issuance of a Wells Notice to the individual or the individual being notified from FINRA staff that formal disciplinary action has been recommended by FINRA. However, not all things mean an investigation to FINRA. For example, requests for information, regulatory inquiries and subpoenas, per se, apparently do not constitute investigations.
FINRA’s guidelines further reveal that when an individual has been subject to an order from a foreign regulatory agency that is later vacated, the individual generally has to report the order because of the advisor’s obligation to report the original findings. Exceptions exist, according to FINRA’s guidelines, where the regulatory agency not only vacates the order, but confirms an intent to make that order have retroactive effect.
Individuals who are the subject of a FINRA Acceptance, Waiver and Consent are also required to disclose this information so long as the AWC concerns findings as to the individual’s misconduct identified in Question 14(E). There are some situations; however, where violations of the rules do not have to be reported, including some “minor rule violations” where the fine is no more than $2,500.00 and the individual does not contest the fine.